How to standardize the hottest beer and beverage m

2022-07-25
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How to standardize the beer and beverage machinery industry

with the continuous expansion of world economic integration, after China's accession to the World Trade Organization and the reduction of import tariffs, a large number of foreign products will inevitably flow into China's market, and the products of China's beer and beverage machinery industry will face more severe challenges. In this regard, how to use standardization to serve the development and protection of China's national industry and how to use various forms of standardization to support the development of new products are new topics worthy of attention

attach importance to the important role of standardization in economic development

standardization has played an important role in the course of China's economic development. Practice has proved that standardization is the technical basis for national economic and social development, the bridge for the transformation of scientific and technological achievements into productive forces, the important condition for organizing modern and integrated production, the guarantee for promoting technological progress, industrial upgrading, improving product quality and service quality, and the important technical basis for advancing towards an information society. The Tenth Five Year Plan for the development of science and technology clearly puts forward that "the development strategy of 'informatization drives industrialization' should be implemented". Informatization construction is an effective means for enterprises to enhance their competitiveness, and its standardization work is the forerunner and basic guarantee of enterprise informatization construction

since the founding of the people's Republic of China, especially since the reform and opening up, China's standardization industry has developed rapidly. So far, China has issued 19865 national standards and more than 62000 industrial standards. A standard system with national standards as the main body and industry standards, local standards and enterprise standards coordinated and matched each other has been basically formed. At the same time, international standards and foreign advanced standards have been actively adopted, which has improved the standard level of China. At present, the easier it is to meet people's needs through such processing, 43.5% of national standards and a number of industrial standards have adopted international standards and foreign advanced standards, and the proportion of key industries adopting international standards has reached more than 60%

re understand the role of enterprise standardization in market competition and the three stages of standardization work

whether an enterprise can win in market competition determines the survival of the enterprise. Pay attention to the important role of enterprise standardization work in the market competition. If the enterprise standardization work is done well, it will help the enterprise win the market competition

three stages of standardization work: first, we should formulate product standards that can accurately reflect the market demand and satisfy users

only when enterprises truly implement the user-centered strategy, can they not formulate standards based on their own subjective assumptions and past experience. Only when they understand the market demand, including the obvious and potential demand information, and take these informationalization as the quality requirements in the standards, can they formulate product standards with quality defined by users

establish a standard system with product standards as the core to ensure the stability of product quality and the improvement of productivity

take product standards as the core, including the necessary supporting standards to ensure the implementation of product standards, and jointly form an organic whole, which is called the standard system. Its purpose is to ensure the implementation of product standards and the stability of product quality, so that enterprises can stably occupy the market. Only an isolated product standard will not solve the problem. The formation process of a product quality involves many internal and external factors, which cannot be effectively controlled and the product quality cannot be stable. Therefore, the establishment of a standard system is to formulate corresponding standards for these factors that affect the product quality

promote standardization in depth, and use a variety of standardization forms to support the development of new products, so that the enterprise has the ability to adapt to market changes, that is, the ability to respond to market changes

if an enterprise wants to win the market for a long time, it must have the ability to adapt to market changes, which is mainly reflected in the innovation ability of new product development, which is the foundation of the enterprise's survival. Only by fully supporting the development of new products can standardization finally establish its position and value in the enterprise

standardization in the industrialization era lays the foundation for large-scale production. In the last 20 to 30 years, large-scale production based on standardization has encountered more and more strong challenges, which are the disintegration of the unification of market demand and the diversification of market. The trend of demand diversification and personalization is becoming stronger and dominant. In fact, this is a challenge that the market demand is diverse and the elongation at break of ordinary polymer materials is mostly between 50% and 100%. The core of the challenge is not the mass production mode itself, but the result. In the past mass production, the products were standardized, and the product development cycle and product life cycle were quite long. Today's production mode is that diversified and customized products replace standardized products. Diversified and segmented markets grow rapidly from a unified market, gradually get rid of mass production and turn to a new production mode. People call this new production mode mass customization production

due to the application of new manufacturing and management technologies (such as flexible manufacturing system, computer integrated manufacturing technology, enterprise reorganization, process reengineering, etc.), the new lifestyle can not only provide diversified and customized products to the market, but also realize a certain scale of production with the increasing production quantity

during the transformation from mass production to mass customization, people found that although the standard products that were too single in the past have become obsolete, the standardized methods and principles are extremely useful for mass customization production. For example, a variety of final products can be formed by combining standardized parts in multiple ways. Adopting such a production mode can not only meet diversified needs, but also achieve a certain production scale and reduce costs

product serialization, not only basic products can meet different needs, but also variant products can be developed according to personalized needs. Due to the standardization of parts and the generalization within the series, not only the production batch of the manufacturing process can be improved, but also the cost can be further reduced

mass customization is a new mode of production and service that adapts to market changes. It is considered to be a new frontier in today's enterprise competition. This is a development trend. In the process of realizing this production mode of mass customization, standardization can play an extremely effective role. In addition to modularization, product serialization and combination also conform to this idea

therefore, we should first formulate product standards, then form a system, and then use standardization forms such as simplification, unification, generalization, serialization, combination and modularization to promote standardization in depth. Mass customization is the negation of mass production based on standard products. It is not the negation of standardization itself, but the negation of the former mode of standardization. It is the driving force to promote standardization to a new mode and to a commanding height

apply standardization to protect new products with the latest and most cutting-edge technologies

after China's accession to the world trade organization, with the weakening of trade barriers with tariffs as barriers, it is necessary to pay full attention to technical barriers such as technical regulations, standards, conformity assessment and certification. These technical barriers have become the most hidden and difficult non-tariff barriers in multilateral trade Both the United States and Japan are actively using standardization to develop and protect their respective industries and have achieved results

we should strive to protect national industries within the framework of the TBT Agreement. The TBT agreement not only reflects the wishes of most contracting parties, but also takes into account the actual situation and special interests of some contracting parties. Therefore, in addition to the principles and provisions to be jointly observed, it also contains some exceptions: Although the formulation and implementation of technical regulations are required not to create unnecessary obstacles to international trade, However, if it is justified for national security, prevention of deception, protection of human safety and health, protection of animal and plant life and health, and protection of the environment, exceptions may be made; In terms of standard formulation and implementation, if an international standard is not applicable due to climate, geographical factors or basic technical problems, it is not required to be reluctantly consistent with the standard; The implementation of this Agreement shall give developing countries more preferential treatment, take into account their special development, financial and trade needs, allow them to protect local technologies without being consistent with international standards, and may exempt them from their obligations under this agreement in whole or in part within a period of time. However, it is not illegal for any country to consciously use the "exception clause" to protect its own interests, even if it creates technical barriers. In this situation, it is more necessary to make full use of the "exception clauses" according to the characteristics of China's nationality, humanities, resources, climate, geography, basic technology and the status of a developing country, and protect China's national industry under the principles of the TBT agreement, so as to be reasonable, polite and restrained

in accordance with the requirements of the WTO/TBT agreement, we should continue to clean up the existing mandatory standards, and carry out the notification and consultation of mandatory national standards to WTO members. We will continue to clean up the existing mandatory standards and make adjustments to the inappropriate and unreasonable parts of the mandatory standards

participate in international standardization activities, actively adopt international standards, timely understand and master the development trends of international standards, and implement the tracking work of foreign trends. Foreign company standards or industry group standards are often revised. Once the industry has a certain technical breakthrough, they will be quickly formulated into standards for direct use in production. If we only follow international standards and do not actively track foreign advanced standards, especially some national or industrial standards with international leading level in this industry, we will still lag behind others. Therefore, tracking the development of foreign standards and technical regulations, absorbing other people's advanced technologies, and constantly adjusting the product quality indicators of China's relevant industries are not only conducive to exports, but also can use other people's technologies and restrictive measures to arm themselves to develop and protect China's national industry. China should also strive to take the initiative in formulating international standards. We should take development as the main theme of protecting national industries and focus on developing new products with the latest and most cutting-edge technologies. The use of technical standard barriers to restrict imports can only be an expedient measure. Development is active protection, while restrictions are passive. From a long-term point of view, enterprises should be encouraged to boldly introduce and digest foreign advanced standards, and on the basis of digesting and absorbing foreign advanced technologies, constantly launch new products with the characteristics of China's national industry, so as to improve their market competitiveness

China's beer and beverage machinery manufacturing enterprises should strengthen standardization work

the National Technical Committee for standardization of beer and beverage machinery was established in 1988 and is subordinate to the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine. The members of the Standardization Committee include nearly 50 well-known domestic liquor making and beverage machinery enterprises and foreign-funded enterprises. The national liquor making and beverage machinery standardization center is subordinate to the China Light Industry Federation. Both the Standardization Committee and the standardization center are responsible for the centralized work of standardization technology in the professional technical field of China's beer and beverage machinery industry, formulating the standardization work plan of the discipline, publicizing and implementing new standards, and organizing the formulation of national and industrial standards of the discipline Revision and reexamination, and undertake the centralized services of standardization technology of relevant enterprises, including the preparation and revision of enterprise standards

at present, the standard committee

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